ADA Bathroom Requirements - Adult Toilet Partitions
Owner, Ironwood Mfg
This is a summary of the federal ADA requirements as they relate to commercial toilet partitions for adult use in the United States. It is not guaranteed to be accurate or complete and is not a substitute for a careful reading of the law.
Section 106.5 of the ADA Standards defines children’s use as "spaces and elements specifically designed for use primarily by people 12 years old and younger." If this description applies to your design, see ADA Bathroom Requirements - Children's Toilet Partitions for the relevant requirement details.
Summarized ADA Compliant Adult Use Toilet Partition Requirements
At least one stall must be a wheelchair accessible toilet compartment. (213.3.1)
A wheelchair and ambulatory accessible toilet compartment are both required if the number of toilets plus the number of urinals is 6 or more. (213.3.1)
Minimum dimensions for wheelchair accessible compartments intended for adult use: (604.8.1.1 – illustration below)
Width: 60” clear from side wall to side wall.
Depth: 59” clear from back wall to front when toilet is floor mounted.
Depth: 56” clear from back wall to front when toilet is wall mounted.
The smallest adult use ADA bathroom partition layout would therefore be 60” wide x 56” deep.
In practice, wheelchair partitions are typically at least 60” wide x 60” deep for “safe” compliance.
Toe clearance requirements for a wheelchair stall intended for adult use: (604.8.1.4 – illustration below)
9” minimum AFF for front partition and at least one side partition.
6” minimum clear beyond the front and side partitions.
Front toe clearance is not required for an adult wheelchair stall when: (604.8.1.4 – illustration below)
The stall is 65” or more from back to front with a floor mounted toilet.
The stall is 62” or more from back to front with a wall mounted toilet.
Side toe clearance is not required for an adult wheelchair stall when: (604.8.1.4 – illustration below)
The stall is 66” or more from side to side.
Ambulatory stalls dimensions for layouts: (604.8.2 – illustration below)
Depth: Minimum of 60”.
Width: Minimum of 35”, maximum of 37”.
Wheelchair stall doors must be located in the front partition farthest from the toilet. (604.8.1.2)
The maximum distance for a wheelchair stall door opening from the side wall or partition farthest from the toilet is 4”. (604.8.1.2 – illustration below)
Doors cannot swing into the minimum required wheelchair compartment area. (604.8.1.2)
The requirements listed above are key to designing ADA compliant bathroom partitions, but other requirements may also apply.
For illustrations of these requirements see the “ADA Compliance Requirement Illustrations” section below.
ADA Compliance Requirement Illustrations
Wheelchair stall minimum dimensions
Wheelchair stall toe clearance
Ambulatory stall dimensions
Wheelchair stall door location
Other Useful Things to Know
There are actually two acceptable turning space definitions: (603.2.1)
60” diameter circle
T-Shaped space, as drawn here:
Toilet location (604.2)
Wheelchair: 16-18” from the edge.
Ambulatory: 17-19” from the edge
Doors can swing into the required turning space (but not into the minimum required compartment area). (603.2.3)
Wheelchair stall doors can also be located in the side wall or partition farthest from the water closet. (604.8.1.2)
Additional fixtures, conveniences, or baby changers inside the wheelchair accessible partition may require additional clearances. (604.8.1.1)
Making stalls deeper than 60” to remove the clearance requirement (and hence add privacy) may increase partition costs. This is because many common partition materials are fabricated at a maximum width of 60”. The panels for partition systems which are deeper than 60” usually require splicing (often with visible seams) or additional components such as pilasters.
“Accessible route” requirements may affect stall layout decisions and should be considered as part of a design or a design modification. (Chapter 4: Accessible Routes, particularly Figure 404.2.4.1)